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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Saint Petersburg, Rossiya, Russiaen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1829-1834 (creation)en_US
dc.creatorMontferrand, August Ricard deen_US
dc.creatorOrlovsky, Borisen_US
dc.date1829-1834en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-16T15:46:50Z
dc.date.available2013-01-16T15:46:50Z
dc.date.issued1829-1834en_US
dc.identifier184603en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 1655en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/91828
dc.descriptionGeneral view, looking east, with the General Staff Building in the distance; Montferrand’s main structures in the classical style, the Lobanov-Rostovsky house (1817-1820), St Isaac’s Cathedral (1818-1858) and the Alexander Column (1829-1834), played an important role in the new layout of St Petersburg planned by Karl Rossi, reflecting the outburst of triumphalism following the defeat of Napoleon. The Alexander Column in Palace Square, a memorial to the victory over Napoleon, is also linked to such famous models as Pompey’s Pillar in Alexandria, the Trajan and Antonine columns in Rome and the Column of the Great Army in the Place Vendôme, Paris. It is the tallest column in the world (47.5 m or 155 ft 8 in). The column is topped with a statue of an angel holding a cross (bronze, 1832-1834) by Russian sculptor Boris Orlovsky. [Grove] It was an engineering feat; the column is a single piece of red granite, 25.45 m (83 ft 6 in) long and about 3.5 m (11 ft 5 in) in diameter. The granite monolith was obtained from Virolahti, Finland and in 1832 transported by sea to Saint Petersburg, on a barge specially designed for this purpose, where it underwent further working. Without the aid of modern cranes and engineering machines, the column, weighing 661 tons, was erected by 3,000 men under the guidance of William Handyside in less than 2 hours. It is set so neatly that no attachment to the base is needed. [Wikipedia] Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/ (accessed 12/16/2008)en_US
dc.format.mediumstone (red granite); bronzeen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectmilitaryen_US
dc.subjectwaren_US
dc.subjectrulers and leadersen_US
dc.subjectAlexander I, Emperor of Russia, 1777-1825en_US
dc.subjectAngelsen_US
dc.subjectNapoleonic Wars, 1800-1815en_US
dc.subjectmemorial victory columnen_US
dc.subjectNeoclassicalen_US
dc.subjectNineteenth centuryen_US
dc.titleAlexander Columnen_US
dc.title.alternativeAleksandrovskaya Kolonnaen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A1-MAR-AC-A1en_US
vra.culturalContextRussianen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypemonumenten_US
vra.worktypecolumn (architectural element)en_US
dc.contributor.displayAugust Ricard de Montferrand (Russian architect, 1786-1858); Boris Orlovsky (Russian sculptor, 1792-1837)en_US


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