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dc.coverage.spatialCreation location: New York (New York, United States)en_US
dc.creatorDuchamp, Marcelen_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-01-15T19:58:12Z
dc.date.available2008-01-15T19:58:12Z
dc.identifier033365en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/23803en_US
dc.description"In 1942 he moved into a studio on West 14th Street, and, with the exception of one or two close friends, he told no-one about a major project on which he worked intermittently for the next 22 years: Given: 1° The Waterfall; 2° The Illuminating Gas (1946–66; Philadelphia, PA, Mus. A.; see fig. 4), often referred to by its original title in French, Etant donnés: 1° La Chute d’eau, 2° Le Gaz d’éclairage. Essentially, as the complete title implies, this work represents a literal manifestation of those elements that were meant to be invisible or rendered only abstractly in the Large Glass. It is a large, three-dimensional tableau, where, through two tiny peepholes in an old Spanish door, we are accorded the view of an unclothed, anonymous woman lying on her back with her legs spread open; in one hand she holds a glowing gas lantern, while in the background a waterfall flows endlessly in silence. Duchamp began construction of Etant donnés in 1946, although he seems to have had the idea for the work some years earlier. Just as for the Large Glass, the finished work was preceded by a number of preparatory studies, and several independent works were derived from it. Three small erotic objects are particularly closely related to its production: Female Fig Leaf (1950; Paris, priv. col., see Moure, pl. 119), the phallic Objet-Dard (galvanized plaster, 1951; Paris, priv. col., see Moure, pl. 120) and Wedge of Chastity (plaster version, 1954; New York, MOMA). In accordance with Duchamp’s wishes, Etant donnés was placed on public display immediately after his death, next to his other works in the Arensberg Collection at the Philadelphia Museum of Art." -- From The Grove Dictionary of Art Online (Oxford University Press, Accessed 12 July 2004) <http://www.groveart.com/shared/views/article.html?section=art.023894.1.5#art.023894.1.5>en_US
dc.descriptionfull viewen_US
dc.format.extent50 x 31 cm (19.69 x 12.2 inches)en_US
dc.format.mediumleatheren_US
dc.format.mediumvelveten_US
dc.format.mediumplasteren_US
dc.relation.ispartof124113en_US
dc.rights(c) Miniature Galleryen_US
dc.subjectWaterfallsen_US
dc.subjectDadaismen_US
dc.subjectTorsoen_US
dc.subjectFemale nude in arten_US
dc.subjectWomen in arten_US
dc.subjectArt, French --20th centuryen_US
dc.subjectArt, Modern --20th centuryen_US
dc.titleThe Illuminating Gas and the Waterfallen_US
dc.title.alternativeEtant donnés 1. la chute d'eau et 2. le gaz d'éclairageen_US
dc.title.alternativeGivna: 1. vattenfallet 2. lysgasenen_US
dc.typeImageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode162en_US
dc.publisher.institutionRepository: Museum of Modern Art (Stockholm, Sweden) ID: MOMB 115en_US
vra.culturalContextFrenchen_US
vra.techniqueassemblage (sculpture technique)en_US
vra.worktypeRelief (sculpture)en_US
dc.contributor.displaysculptor: Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887-1968)en_US


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