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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Tucson, Arizona, United Statesen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1783-1797 (creation)en_US
dc.creatorGaona, Ignacioen_US
dc.date1783-1797en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-22T15:29:11Z
dc.date.available2016-08-22T15:29:11Z
dc.date.issued1783-1797en_US
dc.identifier266960en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 3176en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/183288
dc.descriptionDetail, bas-relief in niche of the Christ condemned before Pilate on facade of mortuary chapel (first Station of the Cross); The mission was first founded in 1692 by Jesuits, but the present Mission building was constructed under the direction of Franciscan fathers Juan Bautista Velderrain and Juan Bautista Llorenz between 1783 and 1797. With 7,000 pesos borrowed from a Sonoran rancher, they hired architect Ignacio Gaona, who employed a large workforce of Tohono O'odham (formerly known as Papago) Indians to create the church. They used traditional mud plaster (over low-fire clay brick and stone) incorporating pulp from the prickly pear cactus that “breathes” better and allows excess water to escape. The Mission today is governed by the Tohono O'odham San Xavier Indian Reservation; the building is on the U.S. National Register and the National Landmark lists. The Mission complex includes the church, mortuary chapel, school and convent. Source: Wikipedia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page (accessed 6/15/2015)en_US
dc.format.mediummud plaster; paint; wood; brick; stoneen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectureen_US
dc.subjectFranciscansen_US
dc.subjectJesuitsen_US
dc.subjectNative North Americansen_US
dc.subjectRestoration and conservationen_US
dc.subjectSpain--Colonies--Americaen_US
dc.subjectPapago Indiansen_US
dc.subjectSpanish Colonialen_US
dc.subjectBaroqueen_US
dc.titleMission San Xavier del Bacen_US
dc.title.alternativeWhite Dove of the Deserten_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A2-US-T-MSXB-T16en_US
vra.culturalContextAmerican Spanishen_US
vra.techniquecarving (processes), construction (assembling), painting and painting techniquesen_US
vra.worktypeconventen_US
vra.worktypepilgrimage churchen_US
dc.contributor.displayIgnacio Gaona (Spanish architect, active ca. 1783-1797)en_US


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