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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Elephanta Island, Mahārāshtra, Indiaen_US
dc.coverage.temporalca. 535-550 (creation)en_US
dc.creatorunknownen_US
dc.date535-550en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-21T19:10:53Z
dc.date.available2016-06-21T19:10:53Z
dc.date.issued535-550en_US
dc.identifier264751en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 3412en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/180809
dc.descriptionMain hall, central shrine, west side, detail of dvarapala (gate keeper) at entry; The name Elephanta is derived from a stone elephant, removed (with other sculptures) to Mumbai. There are two groups of caves; the first is a large group of five Hindu (Brahmanical) caves, the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves contain rock-cut sculptures, representing the Shaiva Hindu sect, dedicated to the Lord Shiva. Cave 1 (the Great Cave), the finest, is unusual in that it is cut into the rock from three different sides. The eastern and western breaches lead to courts that have entrances to the pillared hall of the main shrine. The patronage and date of the caves are a subject of debate. Iconographic and stylistic considerations suggest the monument was made for the Pashupata sect, probably in the second quarter of the 6th century. Cave 1 blends Chalukyan architectural features such as massive figures of the divinities, guardians, and square pillars with custom capitals with Gupta artistic characteristics, like the depiction of mountains and clouds and female hairstyles. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/ (accessed 8/2/2015)en_US
dc.format.mediumbasalt rocken_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectureen_US
dc.subjectdeitiesen_US
dc.subjectHinduismen_US
dc.subjectShaviteen_US
dc.subjectChalukyanen_US
dc.subjectGuptaen_US
dc.titleElephanta Caves: Cave 1en_US
dc.title.alternativeGharapurichi Leni: Cave 1en_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A2-IN-M-EI-A24en_US
vra.culturalContextIndian (South Asian)en_US
vra.techniquecarving (processes)en_US
vra.worktypeshrine (structure)en_US
vra.worktyperock-cut templeen_US
vra.worktypesculpture (visual work)en_US
dc.contributor.displayunknown (Indian (South Asian))en_US


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