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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Hilversum, North Holland, Netherlandsen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1926-1931 (creation); restored ca. 1995-2010 (restoration)en_US
dc.creatorDuiker, Johannesen_US
dc.date1926-1931en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-16T18:33:14Z
dc.date.available2014-12-16T18:33:14Z
dc.date.issued1926-1931en_US
dc.identifier251091en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 3092en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/166724
dc.descriptionCircle drive into workshops complex, tower for steam plant at center, sign with sun ray motif; The Diamond Workers Union, a social democratic group commissioned the Zonnestraal Sanatorium from the firm of Bijvoet & Duiker, completed primarily by Duiker. The tuberculosis sanatorium, which was located in a wooded area outside Hilversum, was innovative in its approach as well as in its radial layout. Intended not only to heal the inmates but to teach them new skills, it incorporated workshops as well as light-filled individual rooms for the patients and medical and administrative facilities housed in separate pavilions. Zonnestraal’s exposed reinforced concrete structures painted white with elegantly detailed glass walls embodied Duiker’s announced goal of "a light, sunny architecture executed with a minimum of materials" (quote, 1932). Heliotherapeutic Architecture (Light therapy) was used before the discovery of the cure for tuberculosis. Because of the amount of glass, the building also had a cooling system, unusual for its time. The sanatorium complex comprises a main building, two pavilions with angled wings, workshops and servants' quarters. Hubert-Jan Henket and Wessel de Jonge led the 15 year restoration plan (1995-2010). Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/ (accessed 8/1/2014)en_US
dc.format.mediumreinforced concrete; rolled glass; steel window framesen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectureen_US
dc.subjectscientific or medicalen_US
dc.subjectTuberculosisen_US
dc.subjectNieuwe Bouwenen_US
dc.subjectTwentieth centuryen_US
dc.subjectFunctionalism (Architecture)en_US
dc.subjectNeues Bauenen_US
dc.titleSanatorium Zonnestraalen_US
dc.title.alternative'Sunray' Sanatoriumen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A1-DJAN-ZE-G03en_US
vra.culturalContextDutchen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypesanatoriumen_US
dc.contributor.displayJohannes Duiker (Dutch architect, 1890-1935)en_US


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