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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Bethlehem, West Bank (occupied territory), Israelen_US
dc.coverage.temporalrebuilt 565 CE (creation)en_US
dc.creatorunknownen_US
dc.creatorJustinian I, Emperor of Byzantiumen_US
dc.date565en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-24T15:06:57Z
dc.date.available2013-12-24T15:06:57Z
dc.date.issued565en_US
dc.identifier243599en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 2774en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/152216
dc.descriptionNave of the adjoining Church of St. Catherine, detail modern stained glass window; One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current 5-aisled basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim veneration for Jesus’s birthplace probably explains why the church escaped destruction during the reign of Caliph al-Ḥākim in 1009. It is the only pre-Muslim church in Palestine to have survived intact and in continuous use to the present day. The basilica and surrounding buildings were expanded during the 12th century, under joint patronage of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus and King Amalric, ruler of the Latin Kingdom. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/ (accessed 5/3/2013)en_US
dc.format.mediumashlar; wood; pink limestoneen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectureen_US
dc.subjectNew Testamenten_US
dc.subjectrulers and leadersen_US
dc.subjectsaintsen_US
dc.subjectConstantine, Emperor of Romeen_US
dc.subjectFranciscansen_US
dc.subjectJesus Christen_US
dc.subjectRoman Catholicen_US
dc.subjectGreek Orthodoxen_US
dc.subjectArmenian Apostolicen_US
dc.subjectEarly Christianen_US
dc.subjectByzantineen_US
dc.titleChurch of the Nativity, Bethlehemen_US
dc.title.alternativeBasilica of the Nativityen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A2-IS-J-CN-A11en_US
vra.culturalContextByzantineen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling), carving (processes)en_US
vra.worktypechurchen_US
vra.worktypebasilicaen_US
dc.contributor.displayJustinian I, Emperor of Byzantium (Byzantine patron, ca. 482-565); unknown (Byzantine and Roman)en_US


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