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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Park (Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada)en_US
dc.coverage.temporalca. 1720-1740 (creation); reconstructed 1960's (other)en_US
dc.creatorVerville, Jean François du Vergery deen_US
dc.date1720-1740en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-15T15:20:38Z
dc.date.available2013-08-15T15:20:38Z
dc.date.issued1720-1740en_US
dc.identifier230344en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 2252en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/138021
dc.descriptionView looking north, walking to the Isle de Quay area, Frederic Gate at center; A national historic site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, a reminder of imperial battles for what would become Canada. The original fortress, constructed mainly between 1720 and 1740, was one of the most extensive (and expensive) European fortifications constructed in North America. Fortress Louisbourg suffered key weaknesses, since its design was directed solely toward sea-based assaults (controlling the entrance to the Gulf of St Lawrence and the St Lawrence River), leaving the land-facing defenses relatively weak. Captured by British colonists in 1745, it was a major bargaining chip in the negotiations leading to the 1748 treaty ending the War of the Austrian Succession, and was returned to French control. It was captured again in 1758 by British forces in the Seven Years' War, after which it was systematically destroyed by British engineers. The fortress and town were partially reconstructed in the 1960s, using some of the original stonework and providing jobs for unemployed coal miners in the effort. The site is now operated by Parks Canada as a living history museum. Source: Wikipedia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page (accessed 5/12/2011)en_US
dc.format.mediumstone; wood; bricken_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectureen_US
dc.subjecthistoricalen_US
dc.subjectmilitary or waren_US
dc.subjectFrance--Colonies--Americaen_US
dc.subjectRestoration and conservationen_US
dc.subjectEighteenth centuryen_US
dc.subjectFrench Colonialen_US
dc.titleFortress of Louisbourgen_US
dc.title.alternativeForteresse de Louisbourgen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A2-C-LB-FL-A17en_US
vra.culturalContextCanadianen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypefortificationen_US
vra.worktypehistoric siteen_US
dc.contributor.displayJean François du Verger de Verville (French architect, ca. 1680-1729)en_US


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