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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexicoen_US
dc.coverage.temporalca. 900-1521 (creation)en_US
dc.creatorunknownen_US
dc.date900-1521en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-28T19:17:24Z
dc.date.available2013-05-28T19:17:24Z
dc.date.issued900-1521en_US
dc.identifier221285en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 678en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/129143
dc.descriptionTemple of the Jaguars and Eagles, close view from the Ball Court; Site of Pre-Columbian Maya and Toltec city in the Yucatán peninsula, Mexico. It flourished during the Post-Classic period (ca. 900-1521 CE). Chichén Itzá ('mouth of the well of the Itzá') is named after its 'Sacred Cenote', a natural limestone sinkhole that served as a focus for pilgrimages and sacrificial offerings. Close artistic correspondences between Chichén Itzá and Tula in Hidalgo have suggested that the Central-Highland Mesoamericans invaded Yucatán and forced the local Maya to construct buildings and carve sculptures featuring their own forms and motifs. Central Mexican architectural elements include colonnaded structures, serpent columns and balustrades, and walls with sloping base sections. Sculptures show a preference for serial group arrangements and narrative compositions. Warrior figures with 'pillbox' headdresses, butterfly pectorals and atlatls (spearthrowers) are prominent, along with depictions of warrior animal totems (jaguars and eagles), chacmools (reclining offertory figures) and Central Mexican gods such as Tezcatlipoca and Tlalchitonatiuh. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.groveart.com/ (accessed 1/13/2008)en_US
dc.format.mediumstoneen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectural exteriorsen_US
dc.subjectdeitiesen_US
dc.subjectmilitaryen_US
dc.subjectwaren_US
dc.subjectMesoamericanen_US
dc.subjectPostclassicen_US
dc.subjectToltecen_US
dc.subjectMayaen_US
dc.titleChichén Itzáen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A3-M-M-CI-H10en_US
vra.culturalContextMayaen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypeexcavation (site)en_US
vra.worktypehistoric siteen_US
dc.contributor.displayunknown (Maya)en_US


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