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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Delphi, Central Greece and Euboea, Greeceen_US
dc.coverage.temporalca. 390 BCE (creation)en_US
dc.creatorTheodoros of Phocaeaen_US
dc.date-390en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-22T17:49:17Z
dc.date.available2013-05-22T17:49:17Z
dc.date.issued-390en_US
dc.identifier220451en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 736en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/128406
dc.descriptionEntablature, detail of the triglyph and sculptured metopes (the metopes were decorated with sculptured reliefs of the Battles of the Amazons and the Centaurs); One monument at Delphi had a particular influence on the architecture of the 4th century BCE. This was the Doric Tholos (ca. 390 BCE), built at the Marmaria, of Pentelic marble, by Theodoros of Phokaia. This was the only peripteral tholos of its time and the most ornate sacred building since the Parthenon. It had 80 sculpted metopes (40 over the 20-column peristyle and 40 over the cella wall), acroteria on top of the marble roof and 9 chryselephantine statues between 10 internal Corinthian columns. The latter helped to popularize the Corinthian order, while the peristyle hastened the development of more slender Doric columns, and the lavish double gutter created a fashion for gutters decorated with lions' heads between acanthus scrolls (especially at Epidauros). The Tholos as a whole stimulated the construction of great circular buildings at Epidauros, Olympia and Samothrace. Theodoros' treatise about it was later known to Vitruvius, and its influence on Roman architecture is readily apparent, for example in buildings depicted in Pompeian wall paintings.en_US
dc.format.mediumstone; Pentelic marbleen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectural exteriorsen_US
dc.subjectdeitiesen_US
dc.subjectmythology (Classical)en_US
dc.subjectClassicalen_US
dc.titleSanctuary of Athena Pronaia: Doric Tholosen_US
dc.title.alternativeDoric Tholosen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A3-G-D-11-C8en_US
vra.culturalContextGreek (ancient)en_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypetholosen_US
dc.contributor.displayTheodoros of Phocaea (Greek (ancient) architect, active early 4th century BCE)en_US


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