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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Saline Royale (Arc-et-Senans, Franche-Comté, France)en_US
dc.coverage.temporal1774-1779 (creation)en_US
dc.creatorLedoux, Claude-Nicolasen_US
dc.date1774-1779en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-07T15:04:59Z
dc.date.available2013-05-07T15:04:59Z
dc.date.issued1774-1779en_US
dc.identifier213674en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 139en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/121242
dc.descriptionFrontal view of the Director's residence, from the gatehouse; Sited near Besançon, the Saline, a complex of factory and living quarters, was laid out in the form of a semicircular ideal town. Its monumental form, accentuated by giant Doric and rusticated orders and carved stone motifs as in the Maison du Directeur, immediately gave the architect a reputation for extravagance that overshadowed the careful disposition of functions, and an attention to the surveillance and social organization of labour that prefigured the ideas of the social reformer Jeremy Bentham. Constructed between 1774 and 1779, this small factory complex became an obsessive centre of Ledoux's architectural imagination until his death. He subsequently designed more ideal projects for its environs, proposing to expand it into an oval-plan town, Chaux, centred on the Saline but with economic and physical extensions into the surrounding provinces, and gradually assembling the elements of an entire Utopian city that illustrated the aspirations of the ancien régime. Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, 1982. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.groveart.com/ (accessed 12/2/2007)en_US
dc.format.mediumstoneen_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectural exteriorsen_US
dc.subjectengineering and industryen_US
dc.subjectmanufacturingen_US
dc.subjectCity planningen_US
dc.subjectideal citiesen_US
dc.subjectNeoclassicalen_US
dc.titleRoyal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senansen_US
dc.title.alternativeSaline Royale d'Arc et Senansen_US
dc.title.alternativeSaline de Chauxen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A1-LCN-SW-2-A1en_US
vra.culturalContextFrenchen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypesaltworksen_US
dc.contributor.displayClaude-Nicolas Ledoux (French architect, 1736-1806)en_US


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