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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Saline Royale (Arc-et-Senans, Franche-Comté, France)en_US
dc.coverage.spatialFormer Site: Paris, Île-de-France, France, Europe,en_US
dc.coverage.temporal1784-1789 (design)en_US
dc.creatorLedoux, Claude-Nicolasen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-07T14:31:06Z
dc.date.available2013-05-07T14:31:06Z
dc.date.issued2013-05-07
dc.identifier213631en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 135en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/121033
dc.descriptionBarriere de la Villette [model]; From 1784 to 1789 Ledoux was engaged by Calonne and the Ferme to build a new tax-wall around Paris, together with attendant boulevards and toll-gates or barrières. These latter buildings Ledoux conceived as monumental entries to the city, for which he adopted simplified geometric forms and manipulated scale and classical elements to produce bold, imaginative designs; 40 were proposed, in many variations of a few prototypes, and they were built very rapidly--almost all being completed in the four years before the Revolution--amid heated controversy and despite Ledoux's own dismissal from the work in 1789. The barrières, long a target of press criticism for their monumental scale and distorted motifs, were not unexpectedly the first recipients of that violence against monuments later called vandalism, and only four survived the 19th century: the Barrière d'Enfer, Barrière du Trône, Rotonde de la Villette and Rotonde de Monceau. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.groveart.com/ (accessed 12/2/2007)en_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectural exteriorsen_US
dc.subjectCity planningen_US
dc.subjectTransportationen_US
dc.subjectNeoclassicalen_US
dc.titleBarrières Modelsen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A1-LCN-BM-A8en_US
vra.culturalContextFrenchen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypemodel (representation)en_US
dc.contributor.displayClaude-Nicolas Ledoux (French architect, 1736-1806)en_US


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