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dc.coverage.spatialSite: Chicago, Illinois, United Statesen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1889-1892 (creation)en_US
dc.creatorBurnham and Rooten_US
dc.date1889-1892en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-29T15:16:31Z
dc.date.available2013-04-29T15:16:31Z
dc.date.issued1889-1892en_US
dc.identifier212154en_US
dc.identifier.otherarchrefid: 56en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/119639
dc.descriptionView depicting how the base expands to accommodate the weight of the bearing wall, close vertical side view, depicting the depth of the windows and the curve of the wall above; From 1880 Burnham & Root emerged as the principal designers of the new ten-storey skyscraper office buildings. In some two dozen subsequent structures in the city, the firm perfected 'raft' foundations to support tall buildings on the muddy Chicago soil, iron (and eventually steel) skeletal frames to lighten and expedite their construction, and a frank, unfussy treatment of façades in red brick, terracotta and sandstone to express this new technological creation. Burnham & Root designed the Monadnock Building at the south-west corner of Dearborn and Jackson Streets, with a brick exterior ornamented only by the elegant batter of its walls and cavetto cornice. When it was completed in 1892, the Monadnock was the world's largest office building. The northern half of the Monadnock represents the last Chicago skyscraper built using load-bearing wall construction; in order for the structure to support its own weight, the walls at the base of the structure are six feet (1.83 meters) thick. The building was so heavy that it sank into the ground after it was built, requiring steps to be installed at the entrances. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.groveart.com/ (accessed 10/10/2007)en_US
dc.format.mediumbricken_US
dc.rights© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectarchitectural exteriorsen_US
dc.subjectbusiness, commerce and tradeen_US
dc.subjectChicago Schoolen_US
dc.titleMonadnock Buildingen_US
dc.typeimageen_US
dc.rights.accessLicensed for educational and research use by the MIT community onlyen_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode1A1-BR-MB-C1en_US
vra.culturalContextAmericanen_US
vra.techniqueconstruction (assembling)en_US
vra.worktypeoffice buildingen_US
vra.worktypeskyscraperen_US
dc.contributor.displayBurnham and Root (American architectural firm, 1873-1891)en_US


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