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Tsarskoye Selo [site]

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Tsarskoe Selo (Pushkin, Rossiya, Russia) en_US
dc.coverage.temporal begun ca. 1717 (creation) en_US
dc.creator Cameron, Charles en_US
dc.creator Rastrelli, Bartolomeo Francesco en_US
dc.creator Zemtsov, Mikhail en_US 1717 en_US 2013-01-29T18:21:27Z 2013-01-29T18:21:27Z 1717 en_US
dc.identifier 188551 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 1697 en_US
dc.description View of the Cameron Gallery, showing the south flank and semicircular stairs; Former summer residence of the emperors of Russia, 24 km south of St Petersburg; also the adjacent town. It consists of several imperial and private palaces set in parks: the Bol’shoy (‘great’; or Yekaterininsky, after Catherine I) Palace, surrounded by the Stary (‘old’; or Regulyarny, ‘regular’) Gardens and the Novy (‘new’; or Zhivopisny, ‘picturesque’) Gardens; the Aleksandrovsky Palace; and the Paley Palace, the Fyodorovsky Gorod (a barracks) and other buildings. A village was built close by in the mid-18th century, becoming a town in 1780. In Soviet times the town was renamed Pushkin, in honour of the poet. The Regulyarny Park was laid out at right angles to the main axis of the palace. It was divided into quadrangles, subdivided into countless geometrical patterns of varying forms. It provided a garden for promenading; among its pavilions were a moated hermitage (1754) and a grotto (1761; both by Rastrelli) decorated with sculptures; there were other formal gardens and further away a vast park or ‘menagerie’, intended for hunting. From 1779 to 1796 Charles Cameron was the chief architect for Catherine II at Tsarskoye Selo, his work there being as significant as that of Rastrelli. Tsarskoye Selo is unique in Russian culture; it contains all the stylistic trends of 18th- and 19th-century architecture. Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), who was educated at the Alexander Lyceum at Tsarskoye Selo, called it his ‘fatherland’. Source: Grove Art Online; (accessed 6/17/2009) en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject architectural exteriors en_US
dc.subject decorative arts en_US
dc.subject landscapes en_US
dc.subject rulers and leaders en_US
dc.subject Eighteenth century en_US
dc.subject Baroque en_US
dc.title Tsarskoye Selo [site] en_US
dc.title.alternative Pushkin [site] en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A2-R-SP-TS-1-E5 en_US
vra.culturalContext Russian en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling) en_US
vra.worktype historic site en_US
vra.worktype palace en_US
vra.worktype park (recreation area) en_US
dc.contributor.display Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli (Italian architect, 1700-1771); Charles Cameron (British architect, 1745-1812); Mikhail Zemtsov (Russian architect, ca. 1686-1743) en_US

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