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Peterhof [site]

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Peterhof (Petrodvorets, Rossiya, Russia) en_US
dc.coverage.temporal begun 1709 (creation) en_US
dc.creator Le Blond, Jean-Baptiste-Alexandre en_US
dc.creator Rastrelli, Bartolomeo Francesco en_US
dc.date 1709 en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-29T17:20:14Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-29T17:20:14Z
dc.date.issued 1709 en_US
dc.identifier 188134 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 1692 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/96670
dc.description View of the Neptune Fountain of the Upper Park, looking northeast with the Great Palace at far left; Russian town, palace and park 29 km west of St Petersburg on the Gulf of Finland. It was founded by Peter I in 1709 as his summer residence and is renowned for its cascades and fountains. In 1715-1724 a two-storey palace was built with a central section flanked by two projecting bays; the original architect is unknown, but further construction followed the designs of Le Blond and Niccolò Michetti. Empress Elizabeth (reigned 1741-1762) commissioned Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli to enlarge the palace (1745-1755). The palaces of Monplaisir and Marly, as well as the pavilion known as the 'Hermitage', were all raised during the initial construction of Peterhof during the reign of Peter the Great. The Lower Gardens also contain a large greenhouse, and in the Alexandrine Park stands the palace of Nicholas I. The outlines of the park took shape in the first half of the 18th century. South of the palace is the Upper Park with five fountains, including Neptune. To the north, between the palace and the sea, is the Lower Park, with the Grand Cascade and complex of fountains , which were begun in 1710 to commemorate the Russian victory over the Swedes. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/ (accessed 6/17/2009) en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject architectural exteriors en_US
dc.subject decorative arts en_US
dc.subject rulers and leaders en_US
dc.subject Peter I, Emperor of Russia, 1672-1725 en_US
dc.subject Baroque en_US
dc.subject Eighteenth century en_US
dc.title Peterhof [site] en_US
dc.title.alternative Petergof en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A2-R-SP-P-1-A3 en_US
vra.culturalContext Russian en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling) carving (processes) en_US
vra.worktype park (recreation area) en_US
vra.worktype palace en_US
vra.worktype historic site en_US
dc.contributor.display Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli (Italian architect, 1700-1771); Jean-Baptiste-Alexandre Le Blond (French architect, 1679-1719) en_US


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