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Plaza de la Constitución

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico en_US
dc.coverage.temporal begun 1521 (creation) en_US
dc.creator Garcia Bravo, Alonso en_US 1521 en_US 2013-01-22T16:22:22Z 2013-01-22T16:22:22Z 1521 en_US
dc.identifier 185923 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 1866 en_US
dc.description Plaza de la Constitución with the Catedral Metropolitana (1573 by Claudio de Arciniega) in the background; The Zócalo is the main plaza or square in the heart of the historic center of Mexico City. Today its formal name is “Constitution Square” (Plaza de la Constitución). However, it is almost always called the “Zócalo” today. This word literally means “base” or “plinth”. Plans were made to erect an column as a monument to Independence, but only the base, or zocalo, was ever built. The plinth was destroyed long ago but the name has lived on. Many other Mexican towns and cities, such as Oaxaca and Guadalajara, have adopted the word “zócalo” to refer to their main plazas, but not all. It has been a gathering place for Mexicans since Aztec times, having been the site of Mexica ceremonies. The modern Zócalo in Mexico City is 240 meters square, making it one of the largest city squares in the world. It is bordered by the Cathedral, the National Palace, the Federal District buildings and the Old Portal de Mercaderes, the Nacional Monte de Piedad building, with the Templo Mayor site to the northeast, just outside of view. In the center is a flagpole with an enormous Mexican flag. The modern plaza of Mexico City was placed by Alonso Garcia Bravo shortly after the Conquest when he laid out what is now the historic center for Cortes. Source: Wikipedia; (accessed 6/22/2009) en_US
dc.format.medium stone en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject architectural exteriors en_US
dc.subject cityscapes en_US
dc.subject City planning en_US
dc.subject Cortés, Hernán, 1485-1547 en_US
dc.subject Sixteenth century en_US
dc.subject Spanish Colonial en_US
dc.title Plaza de la Constitución en_US
dc.title.alternative Zócalo en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A2-M-MC-Z-A1 en_US
vra.culturalContext Mexican en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling) en_US
vra.worktype plaza en_US
dc.contributor.display Alonso Garcia Bravo (Spanish builder, active ca. 1520-1530) en_US

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