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Alexander Column

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Saint Petersburg, Rossiya, Russia en_US
dc.coverage.temporal 1829-1834 (creation) en_US
dc.creator Montferrand, August Ricard de en_US
dc.creator Orlovsky, Boris en_US 1829-1834 en_US 2013-01-16T15:46:51Z 2013-01-16T15:46:51Z 1829-1834 en_US
dc.identifier 184604 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 1655 en_US
dc.description Close view, looking north, showing the base of the column with The Hermitage beyond; Montferrand’s main structures in the classical style, the Lobanov-Rostovsky house (1817-1820), St Isaac’s Cathedral (1818-1858) and the Alexander Column (1829-1834), played an important role in the new layout of St Petersburg planned by Karl Rossi, reflecting the outburst of triumphalism following the defeat of Napoleon. The Alexander Column in Palace Square, a memorial to the victory over Napoleon, is also linked to such famous models as Pompey’s Pillar in Alexandria, the Trajan and Antonine columns in Rome and the Column of the Great Army in the Place Vendôme, Paris. It is the tallest column in the world (47.5 m or 155 ft 8 in). The column is topped with a statue of an angel holding a cross (bronze, 1832-1834) by Russian sculptor Boris Orlovsky. [Grove] It was an engineering feat; the column is a single piece of red granite, 25.45 m (83 ft 6 in) long and about 3.5 m (11 ft 5 in) in diameter. The granite monolith was obtained from Virolahti, Finland and in 1832 transported by sea to Saint Petersburg, on a barge specially designed for this purpose, where it underwent further working. Without the aid of modern cranes and engineering machines, the column, weighing 661 tons, was erected by 3,000 men under the guidance of William Handyside in less than 2 hours. It is set so neatly that no attachment to the base is needed. [Wikipedia] Source: Grove Art Online; (accessed 12/16/2008) en_US
dc.format.medium stone (red granite); bronze en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject military en_US
dc.subject war en_US
dc.subject rulers and leaders en_US
dc.subject Alexander I, Emperor of Russia, 1777-1825 en_US
dc.subject Angels en_US
dc.subject Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815 en_US
dc.subject memorial victory column en_US
dc.subject Neoclassical en_US
dc.subject Nineteenth century en_US
dc.title Alexander Column en_US
dc.title.alternative Aleksandrovskaya Kolonna en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A1-MAR-AC-A2 en_US
vra.culturalContext Russian en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling) en_US
vra.worktype monument en_US
vra.worktype column (architectural element) en_US
dc.contributor.display August Ricard de Montferrand (Russian architect, 1786-1858); Boris Orlovsky (Russian sculptor, 1792-1837) en_US

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