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Arc de Triomphe

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Paris, Île-de-France, France en_US
dc.coverage.temporal 1806-1836 (creation) en_US
dc.creator Chalgrin, Jean François Thérèse en_US
dc.creator Rude, François en_US
dc.creator Pradier, James en_US
dc.creator Etex, Antoine en_US 1806-1836 en_US 2012-12-20T15:53:46Z 2012-12-20T15:53:46Z 1806-1836 en_US
dc.identifier 177920 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 2038 en_US
dc.description Side view, from Avenue Mac-Mahon; Chalgrin's best-known work is the Arc de Triomphe, begun for Emperor Napoleon in 1806. Completed in 1836 by L. Goust (fl 1786–1836), Jean-Nicolas Huyot and Guillaume-Abel Blouet, who significantly altered the design of the attic, the Arc de Triomphe dominates the Place de l’Etoile in Paris and provides a focus for the length of the Champs-Elysées. The most noteworthy contribution to the sculptural programme is François Rude's ‘La Marseillaise’ (Departure of the Volunteers in 1792). Although it is often considered a sterile imitation of antique triumphal arches, Chalgrin's final design was the result of a progressive shift away from the pure replication of Classical prototypes. Through a systematic process of abstraction, Chalgrin reduced the traditional tripartite scheme of the triumphal arch to a single bay and eliminated all columnar decoration, creating with economical means an image of monumental achievement that captured the spirit of Napoleonic aspirations. Source: Grove Art Online; (accessed 7/13/2010) en_US
dc.format.medium stone en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject allegory en_US
dc.subject architecture en_US
dc.subject military or war en_US
dc.subject rulers and leaders en_US
dc.subject Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821 en_US
dc.subject Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815 en_US
dc.subject Nineteenth century en_US
dc.subject Neoclassical en_US
dc.title Arc de Triomphe en_US
dc.title.alternative Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A1-CJ-AT-B3 en_US
vra.culturalContext French en_US
vra.technique carving (processes) construction (assembling) en_US
vra.worktype triumphal arch (memorial arch) en_US
vra.worktype relief (sculpture) en_US
vra.worktype sculpture (visual work) en_US
dc.contributor.display Antoine Etex (French sculptor, 1808-1888); François Rude (French sculptor, 1784-1855); James Pradier (Swiss sculptor, 1790-1852); Jean François Thérèse Chalgrin (French architect, 1739-1811) and others en_US

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