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Dome of the Rock

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Jerusalem, Jerusalem (national district), Israel en_US
dc.coverage.temporal 691-692 (creation) en_US
dc.creator unknown en_US 691-692 en_US 2013-12-24T15:07:12Z 2013-12-24T15:07:12Z 691-692 en_US
dc.identifier 243610 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 2776 en_US
dc.description Distant context view, gold dome at right, viewed from Mount of Olives; old city walls in foreground; Constructed on the site of the Second Jewish Temple, which was destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE. In 637 CE, Jerusalem surrendered to the Rashidun Caliphate army during the Muslim conquest of Syria. The structure has been refurbished many times since its initial completion in 691 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik. The site's significance stems from religious traditions regarding the rock, known as the Foundation Stone, at its heart. Consisting of a domed octagon over the rock and a double ambulatory some 12 m wide, the building is a centralized structure of a type long familiar in Roman mausolea and Christian martyria. The choice of form probably stems from a desire to upstage the nearby domed church of the Holy Sepulchre, also built over a rock. It is richly decorated with tile and Koranic inscriptions. Source: Grove Art Online; (accessed 7/14/2013) en_US
dc.format.medium marble; porcelain Iznik tile; gold gilding en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject architecture en_US
dc.subject typography or calligraphy en_US
dc.subject Islam en_US
dc.subject Judaism en_US
dc.subject Christianity en_US
dc.subject Umayyad en_US
dc.title Dome of the Rock en_US
dc.title.alternative Masjid Qubbat As-Sakhrah en_US
dc.title.alternative Kipat Hasela en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A2-IS-J-DOR-A01 en_US
vra.culturalContext Islamic Middle Eastern en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling), mosaic (process) en_US
vra.worktype shrine (structure) en_US
dc.contributor.display unknown (Islamic) en_US

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