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Brandenburg Gate

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Berlin, Berlin (state), Germany en_US
dc.coverage.temporal 1788-1791 (creation); 2000-2002 (restoration) en_US
dc.creator Langhans, Carl Gotthard en_US
dc.creator Schadow, Johann Gottfried en_US
dc.date 1788-1791 en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-12-23T18:21:18Z
dc.date.available 2013-12-23T18:21:18Z
dc.date.issued 1788-1791 en_US
dc.identifier 243381 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 2715 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.3/151909
dc.description Detail, Ionic order of the entablature, based on the Propylaea; In 1787 Langhans moved to Berlin to assume the post of Director of the Royal Office of Buildings under Frederick William II, King of Prussia. His most famous work in the city is the Brandenburger Tor. Berlin’s first Greek Revival building, it is based on the Propylaea in Athens. It replaced a modest Baroque structure of 1734 and is the culmination of the progressively classicizing trend in Langhans’s architectural style. Langhans never visited Greece, and derived his knowledge of the Propylaea from J.-D. Le Roy, Ruines de plus beaux monuments de la Grèce (Paris, 1758). Atop the gate is the bronze Quadriga, a chariot drawn by four horses driven by Victoria, the Roman goddess of victory (originally Eirene goddess of peace), sculpted by Johann Gottfried Schadow. The Iron Cross was added after the Quadriga was returned to Berlin after having been plundered by Napoleon; ironically Napoleon had been the first to use the gate for a triumphal procession. The Gate was damaged in WWII and restored 2000-2002. Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/ (accessed 7/10/2013) en_US
dc.format.medium stone; bronze en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject architecture en_US
dc.subject rulers and leaders en_US
dc.subject Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815 en_US
dc.subject quadriga en_US
dc.subject revival styles en_US
dc.subject Eighteenth century en_US
dc.subject Neoclassical en_US
dc.subject Greek Revival en_US
dc.title Brandenburg Gate en_US
dc.title.alternative Brandenburger Tor en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A2-G-B-BG-A10 en_US
vra.culturalContext German en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling) en_US
vra.worktype triumphal arch (memorial arch) en_US
vra.worktype sculpture (visual work) en_US
dc.contributor.display Carl Gotthard Langhans (German architect, 1732-1808); Johann Gottfried Schadow (German sculptor, 1764-1850) en_US


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