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Temple of Heaven [complex]

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Beijing, Beijing Shi (municipality), China en_US
dc.coverage.temporal 1406-1420 (creation); renovated ca. 1750-1790 (restoration) en_US
dc.creator Ming Chengzu, Emperor of China en_US
dc.creator Ming Shizong, Emperor of China en_US 1406-1420 en_US 2013-12-23T15:57:20Z 2013-12-23T15:57:20Z 1406-1420 en_US
dc.identifier 242561 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 2706 en_US
dc.description North Heaven (Celestial) Gate from inside the complex; The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest. It has been regarded as a Taoist temple, although Chinese Heaven worship, especially by the reigning monarch, pre-dates Taoism. The temple complex was constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of the Yongle Emperor (Zhu Di or Ming Chengzu), who was also responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing. The complex was extended and renamed Temple of Heaven during the reign of the Jiajing Emperor (reigned 1521-1567). The complex contains three main temple structures: Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests; the Imperial Vault of Heaven; and the Circular Mound Altar. There is also a small palace complex, the Palace of Fasting (Abstinence). A UNESCO World Heritage site. Source: Wikipedia; (accessed 5/29/2013) en_US
dc.format.medium stone; marble; wood; paint; ceramic tile; gray brick en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject rulers and leaders en_US
dc.subject Daoist en_US
dc.subject Ming en_US
dc.subject Qing en_US
dc.title Temple of Heaven [complex] en_US
dc.title.alternative Altar of Heaven en_US
dc.title.alternative Tiāntán en_US
dc.title.alternative 天坛 en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A2-CH-B-D30 en_US
vra.culturalContext Chinese en_US
vra.technique carving (processes), construction (assembling), painting and painting techniques en_US
vra.worktype temple en_US
vra.worktype altar (religious building fixture) en_US
dc.contributor.display Ming Chengzu, Emperor of China (Chinese patron, 1360-1424); Ming Shizong, Emperor of China (Chinese patron, 1507-1566) en_US

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