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Monreale Cathedral; Benedictine Abbey Cloister

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dc.coverage.spatial Site: Monreale, Sicily, Italy en_US
dc.coverage.temporal 1174-1189 (creation) en_US
dc.creator unknown en_US 1174-1189 en_US 2013-03-27T20:27:51Z 2013-03-27T20:27:51Z 1174-1189 en_US
dc.identifier 203200 en_US
dc.identifier.other archrefid: 1087 en_US
dc.description General view, closer, looking north; [It is now a State Art Institute for mosaic work.] It was formerly a Benedictine monastery. The foundation of the monastic house of S Maria Nuova by King William II of Sicily marked the climax of Norman ecclesiastical and artistic patronage on the island. The site chosen was on a hill overlooking Palermo. In 1176 one hundred Cluniac monks, under the first abbot, Theobald (reigned 1176-1178), came at William's invitation from the abbey of Santa Trinità at Cava dei Tirreni near Salerno. It is now known chiefly for the mosaic decoration of its church; but the cultural diversity of Norman rule in Sicily is exemplified by the contrast between the Byzantine mosaics and the sculpture of the cloister capitals, which is predominantly Romanesque. Sculptors from Lombardy, and further afield in the Latin world, Greeks from Sicily and the Italian mainland, and Sicilian Arabs all seem to have worked there. William II, who died in 1189, was the last ruler to be buried here; intended as the 'Saint-Denis of the Hautevilles', Monreale did not maintain its position after the downfall of the dynasty. Source: Grove Art Online; (accessed 2/1/2008) en_US
dc.format.medium stone; limestone en_US
dc.rights © Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc. en_US
dc.subject architectural exteriors en_US
dc.subject New Testament en_US
dc.subject architectural elements en_US
dc.subject Benedictines en_US
dc.subject Crusades en_US
dc.subject Norman en_US
dc.subject Romanesque en_US
dc.title Monreale Cathedral; Benedictine Abbey Cloister en_US
dc.type image en_US
dc.rights.access Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only en_US
dc.identifier.vendorcode 1A3-N-S-MD-4-A2 en_US
vra.culturalContext Norman en_US
vra.technique construction (assembling) carving (processes) en_US
vra.worktype cloister en_US
vra.worktype monastery en_US
vra.worktype capital (column component) en_US
dc.contributor.display unknown (Norman) en_US

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